# 谢之题解：一道综合性的解几题

Eufisky posted @ 2015年10月23日 04:30 in 谢惠民 with tags 解析几何 谢惠民 , 1150 阅读

$\overrightarrow {{n_i}} \cdot \overrightarrow {{n_j}} = {a^2}{x_i}{x_j} + {b^2}{y_i}{y_j} + {c^2}{z_i}{z_j} = 0\left( {i \ne j} \right).$

$\frac{1}{{\sqrt {{a^2}{x_i}^2 + {b^2}{y_i}^2 + {c^2}{z_i}^2} }}\left( {i = 1,2,3} \right).$

${x^2} + {y^2} + {z^2} = \sum\limits_{i = 1}^3 {\frac{1}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_i}^2 + {b^2}{y_i}^2 + {c^2}{z_i}^2} \right)}}} .$

$1 = \left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{a{x_i}}&{b{y_i}}&{c{z_i}}\end{array}} \right)\left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}x\\y\\z\end{array}} \right) = \left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{a{x_i}}&{b{y_i}}&{c{z_i}}\end{array}} \right)\left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{a{x_1}}&{a{x_2}}&{a{x_3}}\\{b{y_1}}&{b{y_2}}&{b{y_3}}\\{c{z_1}}&{c{z_2}}&{c{z_3}}\end{array}} \right)\left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{{t_1}}\\{{t_2}}\\{{t_3}}\end{array}} \right) = {t_i}\left( {{a^2}{x_i}^2 + {b^2}{y_i}^2 + {c^2}{z_i}^2} \right).$

\begin{align*}&{x^2} + {y^2} + {z^2} = \left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}x&y&z\end{array}} \right)\left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}x\\y\\z\end{array}} \right) = \left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{{t_1}}&{{t_2}}&{{t_3}}\end{array}} \right)\left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{a{x_1}}&{b{y_1}}&{c{z_1}}\\{a{x_2}}&{b{y_2}}&{c{z_2}}\\{a{x_3}}&{b{y_3}}&{c{z_3}}\end{array}} \right)\left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{a{x_1}}&{a{x_2}}&{a{x_3}}\\{b{y_1}}&{b{y_2}}&{b{y_3}}\\{c{z_1}}&{c{z_2}}&{c{z_3}}\end{array}} \right)\left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{{t_1}}\\{{t_2}}\\{{t_3}}\end{array}} \right)\\=& \sum\limits_{i = 1}^3 {{t_i}^2\left( {{a^2}{x_i}^2 + {b^2}{y_i}^2 + {c^2}{z_i}^2} \right)} = \sum\limits_{i = 1}^3 {\frac{1}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_i}^2 + {b^2}{y_i}^2 + {c^2}{z_i}^2} \right)}}} = \sum\limits_{i = 1}^3 {\frac{{a{x_i}^2 + b{y_i}^2 + c{z_i}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_i}^2 + {b^2}{y_i}^2 + {c^2}{z_i}^2} \right)}}} \\=& a\left( {\frac{{{x_1}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_1}^2 + {b^2}{y_1}^2 + {c^2}{z_1}^2} \right)}} + \frac{{{x_2}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_2}^2 + {b^2}{y_2}^2 + {c^2}{z_2}^2} \right)}} + \frac{{{x_3}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_3}^2 + {b^2}{y_3}^2 + {c^2}{z_3}^2} \right)}}} \right)\\+& b\left( {\frac{{{y_1}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_1}^2 + {b^2}{y_1}^2 + {c^2}{z_1}^2} \right)}} + \frac{{{y_2}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_2}^2 + {b^2}{y_2}^2 + {c^2}{z_2}^2} \right)}} + \frac{{{y_3}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_3}^2 + {b^2}{y_3}^2 + {c^2}{z_3}^2} \right)}}} \right)\\+& c\left( {\frac{{{z_1}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_1}^2 + {b^2}{y_1}^2 + {c^2}{z_1}^2} \right)}} + \frac{{{z_2}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_2}^2 + {b^2}{y_2}^2 + {c^2}{z_2}^2} \right)}} + \frac{{{z_3}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_3}^2 + {b^2}{y_3}^2 + {c^2}{z_3}^2} \right)}}} \right).\end{align*}

\begin{align*}a\left( {\frac{{{x_1}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_1}^2 + {b^2}{y_1}^2 + {c^2}{z_1}^2} \right)}} + \frac{{{x_2}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_2}^2 + {b^2}{y_2}^2 + {c^2}{z_2}^2} \right)}} + \frac{{{x_3}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_3}^2 + {b^2}{y_3}^2 + {c^2}{z_3}^2} \right)}}} \right) &= \frac{1}{a},\\b\left( {\frac{{{y_1}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_1}^2 + {b^2}{y_1}^2 + {c^2}{z_1}^2} \right)}} + \frac{{{y_2}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_2}^2 + {b^2}{y_2}^2 + {c^2}{z_2}^2} \right)}} + \frac{{{y_3}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_3}^2 + {b^2}{y_3}^2 + {c^2}{z_3}^2} \right)}}} \right) &= \frac{1}{b},\\c\left( {\frac{{{z_1}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_1}^2 + {b^2}{y_1}^2 + {c^2}{z_1}^2} \right)}} + \frac{{{z_2}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_2}^2 + {b^2}{y_2}^2 + {c^2}{z_2}^2} \right)}} + \frac{{{z_3}^2}}{{\left( {{a^2}{x_3}^2 + {b^2}{y_3}^2 + {c^2}{z_3}^2} \right)}}} \right) &= \frac{1}{c}.\end{align*}

$\frac{a^2x_1^2}{d_1^2}+\frac{a^2x_2^2}{d_2^2}+\frac{a^3x_3^2}{d_3^2}=1\Rightarrow \frac{ax_1^2}{d_1^2}+\frac{ax_2^2}{d_2^2}+\frac{ax_3^2}{d_3^2}=\frac{1}{a}.$

$\frac{1}{a}+\frac{1}{b}+\frac{1}{c}=\frac{ax_1^2+by_1^2+cz_1^2}{d_1^2}+\frac{ax_2^2+by_2^2+cz_2^2}{d_2^2}+\frac{ax_3^2+by_3^2+cz_3^2}{d_3^2}=\frac{1}{d_1^2}+\frac{1}{d_2^2}+\frac{1}{d_3^2}.$

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